Are you new to Windows 10? Have you been wondering where program or setting XYZ is and why you can’t find it? No worries, we’ve got you covered. We’ve been using Windows for a long time and know where everything is, simply go through the list below to find what you need. If you can’t find it, post a comment and we’ll help you out.
Where Is …
Windows 10 comes with a built-in tool called Windows Defender which is monitoring your PC for viruses.
Antivirus location: AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\System Tools
Search for: Windows Defender
Adobe Reader is not installed by default on Windows 10
- Download location: https://get.adobe.com/reader/
“Backup” is known as “File History” in Windows 10, which keeps a history of your files. This feature is disabled by default, but you can turn it on to protect files and copy them to an external drive.
- Backup location: Control Panel\System and Security\File History
- Search for: File History
Bitlocker is used for drive encryption in Windows 10 – it’s a useful tool for enhanced security.
Bitlocker needs to be enabled for each drive separately. The feature is turned off by default.
- Bitlocker location: Control Panel\System and Security\BitLocker Drive Encryption
- Search for: Bitlocker
Windows 10 has two control panels, one is the desktop control panel (that you know from previous versions) and the other is the mobile panel.
Click on the picture below to see how to quickly find the desktop control panel that you know:
- Known shortcuts: control (Windows key + R, enter control)
Windows 10 has a built-in calculator.
- Calculator location: C:\Windows\System32\calc.exe
- Search for: Calculator
- Known shortcuts: calc.exe (Windows Key+R, enter calc.exe)
The command prompt (short: cmd) is an executable called cmd.exe – this can be easily launched right from your keyboard using “Run”.
1. Hit Windows key + R (this will open run)
2. Enter cmd.exe
3. Hit Enter
Windows 10’s built-in device manager allows you to manage devices, adapters, cards and more.
- Device Manager Location: Control Panel\System and Security\System
- Search for: Device Manager
- Known shortcuts: devmgmt.msc (Windows key+R, enter devmgmt.msc)
Windows 10 has a variety of system maintenance tools, including a disk cleanup tool.
Disk Cleanup Location: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Administrative Tools
Known shortcuts: cleanmgr (Windows key + R, enter cleanmgr)
If you are running a traditional hard drive (not a SSD/solid state drive) you have to defrag it from time to time. The built-in tool gets the job done but can be slow at times.
- Defrag Location: C:\Windows\System32\defrag.exe
- Known shortcuts: dfrgui (Windows key + R, enter dfrgui)
As all previous Windows versions, there is a file explorer that you can open by holding down the key Windows key + E at the same time. This explorer can be used to locate programs, files and manage your computer.
- Explorer location: C:\Windows\explorer.exe
- Known shortcuts: explorer.exe (Windows key + R, enter explorer.exe)
As most previous Windows versions, 10 includes a simple mail client by default. Unlike Windows Live Mail or Outlook Express, Windows 10 provides a simple app that you can use to add Outlook, Exchange, Google, Yahoo!Mail, iCloud or other POP and IMAP accounts.
- Location: Windows Store
- Search for: Mail
Excel is not installed by default, you may need to buy a license. However, the free Excel viewer allows you to open and print Excel workbooks without buying Excel.
If you want to try Excel, download the following instead.
- Fee trial: https://products.office.com/en-us/try
EasyTransfer is a Windows feature that allowed users to transfer Pictures, Videos, Documents and other files to a new computer using an external drive. This feature no longer exists in Windows 10, but instead of using EasyTransfer you can simply copy the folders using CTRL+C to copy them and CTRL+V to paste them. This process should be just as easy as using EasyTransfer.
FreeCell is a popular Windows game. However, it has been moved to the app store. There are also new versions available for free from the Windows app store.
1. Open the app store (there should be an icon on your taskbar, else search for “store”)
2. Now search for FreeCell on the top right and select Microsoft Solitaire Collection which should already be installed on your system
3. Click on Open
…and you should be greeted with a Welcome screen:
When you search for firewall on Windows 10 you can check the current firewall status and whether it’s enabled or not. You also may have to allow certain apps and programs through the Windows firewall.
Pro Tip: As soon as you are familiar with how a firewall works, download a professional firewall such as Comodo Firewall, Agnitum Outpost or ZoneAlarm. Those firewalls are much more sophisticated and can actually protect your from harmful outgoing or incoming packets.
- Location: Control Panel\System and Security\Windows Firewall
- Known shortcuts: firewall.cpl (Enter Windows key + R, enter firewall.cpl)
File history saves copies of your files so you can restore them. It works similar to Apple’s TimeMachine feature but is less sophisticated. By default this feature is turned off. In order to turn it on you need to go here: Control Panel\System and Security\File History.
1. Search for file history or open the control panel (desktop) and go to System and Security
2. You can then turn it on:
Location: Control Panel\System and Security\File History
Factory reset allows you to completely reset your PC. This feature is still available in Windows 10, here’s where you can find it:
1. Open the settings control panel. To do that simply search for settings (enter it into the search bar on your taskbar), this will pop up:
2. Open the Update & Security settings tile
3. Go to the panel Recovery and you can access the option “Reset This PC” which basically works like a factory reset, but you can keep your files.
Windows 10 games are disabled by default, but you can re-enable them. Here’s how it works.
1. Hit Windows key + R
2. Enter shell:games
3. Hit Enter
4. You will be asked to set up games. You can use the recommended settings and it will automatically fetch games and set everything up. Games will now be stored in this folder.
Pro Tip: If you want a shortcut to the Games folder on your desktop, right-click on the desktop, select New -> Shortcut and paste this into the Location:
The group policies are still around in Windows 10 and can be used to modify the behaviour of your machine.
1. Simply search for group policy or if that does not work for you, use the shortcut below:
Known shortcut: gpedit.msc (Hit Windows key + R, enter gpedit.msc)
As in previous Windows versions, the hosts file is still around. Open the Windows explorer (Windows key + E) and browse to the directory C:\system32\drivers\etc
1. In order to open the hosts file enter notepad into your search engine, then right-click on it and select Run as administrator
2. Confirm the UAC prompt that follows
3. Click on File, Open (CTRL + O)
4. You should now be in C:\Windows\System32, if not go there
5. Go deeper into \drivers\etc
6. In order to open the hosts file you need to select All Files from the dropdown as seen below:
7. Make changes to the hosts file and press CTRL+S to save it. Done! It saves the file.
The hibernate feature is a great addition that allows to save energy, but you first need to enable it.
2. Now click the blue link that reads Change advanced power settings
3. Scroll down and uncollapse the option Sleep, then uncollapse Hibernate after and change Never to something else (in minutes)
This will hibernate your machine after X minutes.
iTunes a proprietary program by Apple Inc, it is there not installed on Windows 10 by default, you first have to download it from Apple
1. Go here http://www.apple.com/itunes/download/
2. The website should identify your Windows version and tell you to download iTunes for Windows (64-bit or 32-bit). Click Download Now and off you go. After the download you need to run the installer.
By default iTunes will be installed into C:\Program Files\iTunes and will also be added to the Windows 10 system path.
Known shortcuts: itunes.exe (Windows key + R, enter itunes.exe)
The Java control panel allows you to clear temporary Java internet files, update Java, change security settings or enable certain debugging options.
In Windows 10, simply search for Java (via the big search bar on your taskbar). If Java has been properly installed you will get the following options:
Click the option Configure Java and the control panel will open.
If this does not work for you, go to C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_65\bin\ (where 1.8.0 is your own version) and double-click javacpl
- Location on disk: C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_65\bin\javacpl
- Known shortcuts: javacpl.exe (Requires addition of Java to system path!)
The jump list allows you to pin recently accessed files of a program that is pinned to your taskbar. This feature still exists in Windows 10 but you have to make sure the program is properly pinned to the taskbar.
When hovering over a pinned program you should see a list of files you have recently accessed, when you hover over the entries a pin should appear like this:
JAVA_HOME is a variable that should be set on your system path. When it is set it allows you to access certain Java features from the command line.
1. Open C:\Program Files\Java
2. Go one level deeper, in my case that is jre1.8.0_65. The full path would then be C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_65
3. Now hit Windows key + R and enter systempropertiesadvanced
4. Click the button Environment Variables
5. Double-click on PATH and go to the very end of that line and add a semicolon. Now copy and paste the path to Java e.g. C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_65 – it should look like this:
6. As you can see, there’s only the Ethereum path, followed by a semicolon and the Java path. Easy, done!
The onscreen-keyboard is a useful Windows 10 feature that allows you to type using your mouse.
The on-screen keyboard is a so called “Ease of Access” feature, so you can click on the Start button, click on All Apps, then scroll down and uncollapse Windows Ease of Access:
Alternatively, simply search for “Onscreen” on your taskbar and it will pop up:
- Location: C:\Windows\System32\osk.exe
- Known shortcuts: osk (Hit Windows key + R, enter osk)
Do you want to know what programs are currently installed on your Windows 10 machine? The Programs and Features panel is the best way to quickly check what has been installed and to quickly get rid of programs you don’t want or need.
Alternatively, you can see what programs have been installed right on the Start Menu. Unfortunately, at this point the Start menu of Windows 10 feels like a step back and I am beginning to miss the good old Start Screen of Windows 8! But if you like the Start menu but want it to be a bit larger, your best bet is to install one of the Start Menu programs.
The log off option of course still exists in Windows 10 – here’s where it’s located:
1. Click on the Start button
3. Alternatively, you can create a shortcut on your desktop to log off. Insert the word logoff in a txt file, save it with the extension .bat – store that file in C:\logoff.bat, then right-click on it and send a shortcut to your desktop. Done! You can now pin this shortcut to your taskbar and log off right from your taskbar. Easy.
“My Computer” has been renamed to “This PC” in Windows 10 – you can pin it to your taskbar by following the steps below.
1. Open the Windows Explorer (Windows key + E)
2. On the left you should see the “My Computer” / This PC option
3. Now left-click on “This PC” and hold your mouse button – drag the mouse to the taskbar and you should be able to pin the option to your File explorer jumplist!
4. You can then access “My PC” via the file explorer pin on your taskbar:
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